Examination 1

Directions:
Respond to each item in a clear and concise paragraph. (In some cases, a single sentence will suffice.) Do not copy passages from the lectures or book. Rather, express your own understanding of the material. Do not write anything or everything that comes to mind; instead, try to devise a brief answer that captures the most relevant information. Before you submit, make a note of the number in the first comment, below. You will need to input this number into the form to submit your work. (This is to prevent spammers from using the form. Sorry about that. Spammers ruin everything.)

1. Compare and contrast qualitative and quantitative analysis.

2. Describe how mathematical models are used in social science research.

3. What is the relationship between a statistic and a parameter?

4. How is a random sample different from a convenience sample?

5. Write three survey questions to measure work satisfaction, one at each level of measurement. Identify each level.

6. For the three questions from question 5, assess the issues of reliability and validity.

7. Summarize the following table:


Crosstabulation of Respondent's Highest Degree Earned by Gender.
% within RESPONDENTS SEX

Rs GENDER Total
MALE FEMALE
Rs HIGHEST DEGREE < HIGH SCHOOL 14.5% 16.3% 15.5%
HIGH SCHOOL 56.0% 55.1% 55.5%
SOME COLLEGE 5.7% 7.2% 6.6%
COLLEGE DEGREE 15.8% 15.3% 15.5%
GRADUATE EXPERIENCE 8.0% 6.1% 7.0%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

8. Summarize the following table: (Note: occupational prestige is a scale that goes from 0 to 100, where a higher score denotes higher status)

Rs Occupational Prestige.
RS OCCUPATIONAL PRESTIGE SCORE (1980)
N Valid 1442
Missing 58
Mean 42.99
Median 42.00
Mode 51
Std. Deviation 13.52
Minimum 17
Maximum 86

9. What does it mean to refer to percentages as "relative frequencies?"

10. Select two categorical variables from one of our datasets. Construct a crosstabulation. Interpret the result. (Note: do not copy the table into your answer; all I want is the words. Include in your answer which dataset and which variables you selected.)

11. Select one interval variable from one of our datasets. Describe the central tendency. (Note: do not copy the table into your answer; all I want is the words. Include in your answer which dataset and which variables you selected.)

12. Select one interval variable from one of our datasets. Describe the variability. (Note: do not copy the table into your answer; all I want is the words. Include in your answer which dataset and which variables you selected.)

13. Describe Jacobs' main findings with regard to access to higher education.

14. Summarize the information presented in table 2 in the Jacobs article.

15. What data does Massoni analyze? How did she collect it?

16. Summarize the information presented in table 1 in the Massoni article.

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